Jody Freeman is the Archibald Cox Professor of Law and the founding director of the Harvard Law School Environmental & Energy Law Program. She is a leading scholar of both administrative law and environmental law, and has written extensively about climate change, environmental regulation and executive power. She is also known for her early work on “collaborative governance,” pioneering a field focused on public-private approaches to regulatory problems. Professor Freeman is the second-most cited scholar in public law across the nation.

Professor Freeman's book, Global Climate Change and U.S. Law (co-edited with Michael Gerrard), was published in 2015, and her groundbreaking article, “The Uncomfortable Convergence of Energy and Environmental Law,” appeared in the Harvard Environmental Law Review in 2017. She is widely published in leading American law reviews and co-authors a leading casebook in administrative law. Professor Freeman has produced several other books on topics ranging from market mechanisms of environmental regulation to privatization of government functions. A volume of her administrative law articles was published in Chinese in 2010.

Professor Freeman served in the White House as Counselor for Energy and Climate Change in 2009-10, where she was the architect of the president’s historic agreement with the auto industry to double fuel efficiency standards, which launched the administration’s greenhouse gas program under the Clean Air Act. While in the White House, she also contributed to a host of initiatives on renewable energy, energy efficiency, transmission policy and oil and gas drilling, as well as the administration’s effort to pass legislation placing a market-based cap on carbon. After leaving the administration, she served as an independent consultant to the President's bipartisan Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.

Professor Freeman has served as a member of the Administrative Conference of the United States, the government think tank for improving the administrative and regulatory process. In 2011, she was elected as a Fellow of the American College of Environmental Lawyers. In 2019, she was named a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

In addition to her duties at Harvard Law School, Professor Freeman is an independent director of ConocoPhillips, where she chairs the Public Policy Committee and serves on the Directors’ Affairs and Executive committees. In 2018, she was appointed to the Advisory Council of the Electric Power Research Institute, which advises the electricity sector on technology gaps and broader social needs that can be addressed through pioneering research.

She consults regularly for government and non-governmental parties, advising on litigation and regulatory strategy.

Professor Freeman has lectured broadly around the world, including at the Nobel Institute, and in Asia and Europe. She can be heard regularly on NPR and on various podcasts on public affairs, has appeared on CNN, and has written for The New York Times, Wall Street JournalGuardianLos Angeles TimesPolitico, Vox and Foreign Affairs.


Positions & Roles

Member, American Academy of Arts & Sciences (Class V, Section IV, Public Affairs and Public Policy)

Member, Advisory Council of the Electric Power Research Institute

Board of Directors, ConocoPhillips
Chair, Public Policy Committee
Member, Directors’ Affairs and Executive committees

Fellow, American College of Environmental Lawyers

Archibald Cox Professor of Law, Harvard Law School

Founder, Director of the Environmental & Energy Law Program, Harvard Law School

Public Member, Administrative Conference
of the United States; Chair, Collaborative Governance Committee

Independent Consultant, President Obama’s bipartisan Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling


S.J.D. Law — Harvard Law School, 1995
(Doctor of Juridical Science)

LL.M. Law — Harvard Law School, 1991
(Masters of Law)

LL.B. Law — University of Toronto, 1989 (Bachelor of Law)

B.A. — Stanford University, 1985
(Bachelor of Arts)


Archibald Cox Professor of Law, Harvard Law School, 2005-present

White House Counselor for Energy and Climate Change, 2009-2010

Professor of Law, UCLA, 1995-2005